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Oracle9i Database Reference
Release 2 (9.2)

Part Number A96536-02
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Parameter type


Default value

Derived from SESSIONS parameter

Parameter class


Range of values

10 to unlimited

ENQUEUE_RESOURCES sets the number of resources that can be concurrently locked by the lock manager. An enqueue is a sophisticated locking mechanism that permits several concurrent processes to share known resources to varying degrees. Any object that can be used concurrently can be protected with enqueues. For example, Oracle allows varying levels of sharing on tables: two processes can lock a table in share mode or in share update mode.

One difference between enqueues and latches is that latches do not entail an ordered queue of waiting processes as do enqueues. Processes waiting for latches can either use timers to wake up and retry or (in multiprocessors) spin.

At database startup time, Oracle allocates the number of enqueues specified by the ENQUEUE_RESOURCES parameter. The default value of ENQUEUE_RESOURCES is derived from the SESSIONS parameter and is usually adequate, as long as its value is greater than DML_LOCKS + 20. For three or fewer sessions, the default value is the number of database files + 20. For 4 to 10 sessions, the default value is the number of database files + ((SESSIONS - 3) * 5) + 20. For more than 10 sessions, it is the number of database files + ((SESSIONS - 10) * 2) + 55.

If you explicitly set ENQUEUE_RESOURCES to a value higher than DML_LOCKS + 20, then Oracle uses the value you provide. Oracle will automatically allocate additional enqueues from the shared pool as needed if the number specified by ENQUEUE_RESOURCES is exceeded. You can check resource usage by querying V$RESOURCE_LIMIT.

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